Là encore, le sous-sol urbain demande à être interrogé comme témoignage d’une Histoire 
et d’une mythologie latente. Les archéologues s’affrontent - combat idéologique, géopolitique
au sujet des sous-sols - les historiens se battent à coup de narratifs.

Guerre de positions ou guerre d’usure prennent l’opinion internationale, les médias,
les manuels scolaires à témoin ou en otage. La désinformation irradie, faite de propagandes
et de contre-vérités. Jérusalem et ses collines - terres de haute antiquité et de haute spiritualité -
sont gorgées du sang des hommes. Les corps déchiquetés font partie inhérente de l’anatomie urbaine, passée et contemporaine, de Jérusalem.

Jerusalem

The early Hebrews settled in the Land of Canaan –5000 years before the Common Era. The Kingdom of Judah is dated to about –1000. The First Temple, attributed to King Solomon, was built in –920 and destroyed in –586 by Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, who deported the elite of the people. Upon returning from the First Exile, the Jews erected the Second Temple, dedicated in –516, on the same location as the First. In the year +70 of the Common Era, the Second Temple was burnt down by the Emperor Vespasian who deported the elite of the Jewish people to Rome. In +135 the Emperor Hadrian put an end to the Bar Kokhba Revolt and massacred the population of Judah, forbidding the survivors to dwell in the region of Jerusalem. As to the city of Jerusalem, Hadrian ordered that a harrow be drawn over its whole territory. He renamed it Aelia Capitolina. A tiny minority of Jews successfully persisted in holding on in Zion, in the Old City around its walls. The al-Aqsa Mosque was built in +680 CE and the Dome of the Rock in +691. In the Middle Ages, the Crusaders marched on Jerusalem to make a pilgrimage while liberating the Holy Sepulcher.



 
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anatomie urbaine - série de plans - 2003 / 2010